Install the latest version of VMware Tools to enhance the performance of the virtual machine’s guest operating system and improve virtual machine management.

Verify that a supported guest operating system is installed on the virtual machine.

Verify that you have an ESX/ESXi license or are using evaluation mode.

Before you install or upgrade VMware Tools on a virtual machine, determine the status of VMware Tools. Select the virtual machine and click the Summary tab. The VMware Tools label indicates whether VMware Tools is installed and current, installed and not current, or not installed.


In the vSphere Client inventory, right-click the virtual machine and select Power > Power On.


Click the Console tab to make sure that the guest operating system starts successfully, and log in if necessary.


Right-click the virtual machine and select Guest > Install/Upgrade VMware Tools.


Select Interactive Tools Installation and click OK.

This step initiates the installation process by mounting the VMware Tools bundle on the guest operating system.


In the virtual machine console, log in as root (su -) and, if necessary, create the /mnt/cdrom directory:

mkdir /mnt/cdrom


Mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.

Some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands in this procedure.

Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. Modify the following commands to reflect the conventions used by your distribution:

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
cd /tmp

Change to a working directory (for example, /tmp).

cd /tmp

If you have a previous installation, delete the previous vmware-tools-distrib directory.

rm -rf /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib

The default location of this directory is: /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib.


List the contents of the /mnt/cdrom/ directory, and note the filename of the VMware Tools tar installer.

ls /mnt/cdrom

Uncompress the tar installer.

tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-4.0.0-xxxxxx.tar.gz

Where xxxxxx is the build/revision number of the ESX/ESXi release.

If you attempt to install a tar installation over an rpm installation, the installer detects the previous installation and must convert the installer database format before continuing.


Unmount the CD-ROM image:

umount /dev/cdrom

Run the VMware Tools tar installer.

cd vmware-tools-distrib

For each configuration question, press Enter to accept the default value.


Log off the root account.


Verify the status of VMware Tools by checking the VMware Tools label on the virtual machine Summary tab. OK should appear in the VMware Tools label.