All ESX/ESXi hosts run a syslog service (syslogd), which logs messages from the VMkernel and other system components to a file.

On an ESXi host, you can use the vSphere Client or the vSphere CLI command vicfg-syslog to configure the following options:

Log file path

Specifies a datastore path to a file in which syslogd logs all messages.

Remote host

Specifies a remote host to which syslog messages are forwarded. In order to receive the forwarded syslog messages, your remote host must have a syslog service installed and correctly configured. Consult the documentation for the syslog service installed on your remote host for information on configuration.

Remote port

Specifies the port on which the remote host receives syslog messages.

You cannot use the vSphere Client or vicfg-syslog to configure syslog behavior for an ESX host. To configure syslog for an ESX host, you must edit the /etc/syslog.conf file.

For more information about vicfg-syslog, see the vSphere Command-Line Interface Installation and Scripting Guide and vSphere Command-Line Interface Reference.

1

In the vSphere Client inventory, select the host.

2

Click the Configuration tab.

3

Click Advanced Settings.

4

Select Syslog in the tree control.

5

In the Syslog.Local.DatastorePath text box, enter the datastore path for the file to which syslog will log messages.

The datastore path should be of the form [datastorename] path_to_file, where the path is relative to the root of the volume backing the datastore. For example, the datastore path [storage1] var/log/messages would map to the path /vmfs/volumes/storage1/var/log/messages.

If no path is specified, the default path is /var/log/messages.

6

In the Syslog.Remote.Hostname text box, enter the name of the remote host to which syslog data will be forwarded.

If no value is specified, no data is forwarded.

7

In the Syslog.Remote.Port text box, enter the port on the remote host to which syslog data will be forwarded.

By default, this option is set to 514, which is the default UDP port used by syslog. Changes to this option take effect only if Syslog.Remote.Hostname is configured.

8

Click OK.

Changes to the syslog options take effect immediately.