Install VMware Tools to the latest version to enhance the performance of the virtual machine’s guest operating system and improve virtual machine management.

Before you install or upgrade VMware Tools on a virtual machine, determine the status of VMware Tools. To do this, select the virtual machine and click the Summary tab. The VMware Tools label indicates whether VMware Tools is installed and current, installed and not current, or not installed.


RPM packages are not available with the ESXi installer. Only the tar package is available for ESXi hosts.

The following items are prerequisites for completing this procedure:

A supported guest operating system must be installed on the virtual machine.

You must have an ESX/ESXi license or be using evaluation mode to power on the virtual machine.


From the vSphere Client, right-click the virtual machine, select Power, and select Power On.


Click the Console tab to make sure that the guest operating system starts successfully, and log in if necessary.


Right-click the virtual machine, select Guest, and select Install/Upgrade VMware Tools.


Select Interactive Tools Installation and click OK.

This step initiates the installation process by mounting the VMware Tools bundle on the guest operating system.


In the virtual machine console, log in as root (su -) and, if necessary, create the /mnt/cdrom directory:

mkdir /mnt/cdrom


Mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.

Some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands in this procedure.

Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. Modify the following commands to reflect the conventions used by your distribution:

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
cd /tmp

Change to a working directory (for example, /tmp):

cd /tmp

If you have a previous installation, delete the previous vmware-tools-distrib directory:

rm -rf /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib

The default location of this directory is: /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib.


List the contents of the /mnt/cdrom/ directory, and note the filename of the VMware Tools rpm installer:

ls /mnt/cdrom

Install or upgrade the RPM package.

rpm -Uhv /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-4.0.0-<xxxxxx>.i386.rpm

Where <xxxxxx> is the build or revision number of the ESX/ESXi release.

The installation software searches for and updates existing RPM packages if found, or installs a new package.


Unmount the CD-ROM image:

umount /dev/cdrom

Run the ./usr/bin/ script to configure tools.


Log off the root account:


After you install or upgrade VMware Tools on a virtual machine, verify the status of VMware Tools by checking the VMware Tools label on the virtual machine Summary tab. The VMware Tools label should display the word OK.