Adding a user to the users table updates the internal user list that ESX maintains.

Review the password requirements described in Understanding Password Requirements.


Log in to the host using the vSphere Client.


Click the Users & Groups tab and click Users.


Right-click anywhere in the Users table and click Add to open the Add New User dialog box.


Enter a login, a user name, a numeric user ID (UID), and a password.

Specifying the user name and UID are optional. If you do not specify the UID, the vSphere Client assigns the next available UID.

Create a password that meets the length and complexity requirements. The host checks for password compliance using the default authentication plug-in, If the password is not compliant, the following error appears: A general system error occurred: passwd: Authentication token manipulation error.

If you switched to the authentication plug-in, password compliance is not enforced.


To allow a user to access the ESX host through a command shell, select Grant shell access to this user.


To be granted shell access, users must also have an Administrator role for an inventory object on the host.

In general, do not grant shell access unless the user has a justifiable need. Users that access the host only through the vSphere Client do not need shell access.


To add the user to a group, select the group name from the Group drop-down menu and click Add.


Click OK.