Before your ESX/ESXi can discover iSCSI storage, the iSCSI initiators must be configured and authentication might have to be set up.

For software iSCSI and dependent hardware iSCSI, networking for the VMkernel must be configured. You can verify the network configuration by using the vmkping utility. For hardware iSCSI, network parameters, such as IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway must be configured on the HBA.

Check and change the default initiator name if necessary.

The discovery address of the storage system must be set and should be pingable using vmkping.

For CHAP authentication, enable it on the initiator and the storage system side. After authentication is enabled, it applies for all of the targets that are not yet discovered, but does not apply to targets that are already discovered. After the discovery address is set, the new targets discovered are exposed and can be used at that point.

For details on how to use the vmkping command, search the VMware Knowledge Base.