Each policy includes alert definitions. Each alert uses a combination of symptoms and recommendations to identify a condition that classifies as a problem, such as failures or high stress. You can enable or disable the alert definitions in your policy, and you can set actions to be automated when an alert triggers.

vRealize Operations Manager uses problems to trigger alerts. A problem manifests when a set of symptoms exists for an object, and requires you to take action on the problem. Alerts indicate problems in your environment. vRealize Operations Manager generates alerts when the collected data for an object is compared to alert definitions for that object type and the defined symptoms are true. When an alert occurs, vRealize Operations Manager presents the triggering symptoms for you to take action.

Some of the alert definitions include predefined symptoms. When you include symptoms in an alert definition, and enable the alert, an alert is generated when the symptoms are true.

The Alert Definitions pane displays the name of the alert, the number of symptoms defined, the adapter, object types such as host or cluster, and whether the alert is enabled as indicated by Local, disabled as indicated by not Local, or inherited. Alerts are inherited with a green checkmark by default, which means that they are enabled.

You can automate an alert definition in a policy when the highest priority recommendation for the alert has an associated action.

To view a specific set of alerts, you can select the badge type, criticality type, and the state of the alert to filter the view. For example, you can set the policy to send fault alerts for virtual machines.

To modify the alerts associated with policies, in the menu, click Administration, and then in the left pane click Policies. Click the Policy Library tab, and click the Add New Policy icon to add a policy or click the Edit Selected Policy icon to edit a policy. In the Add or Edit Monitoring policy workspace, on the left click Alert / Symptom Definitions. The alert definitions and symptom definitions for the selected object types appear in the workspace.

Alert Definitions in the Add or Edit Monitoring Policy Workspace

Option

Description

Actions

Select one or more alert definitions and select enable, disable, or inherit to change the state for this policy.

Filter options

Deselect the options in the Type and State drop-down menus, to narrow the list of symptom definitions.

Impact indicates the health, risk, and efficiency badges to which the alerts apply.

Criticality indicates the information, critical, immediate, warning, or automatic criticality types to which the alert definition applies.

Automate indicates the actions that are enabled for automation when an alert triggers, or actions that are disabled or inherited. Actions that are enabled for automation might appear as inherited with a green checkmark, because policies can inherit settings from each other. For example, if the Automate setting in the base policy is set to Local with a green checkmark, other policies that inherit this setting will display the setting as inherited with a green checkmark.​

Object Type

Filters the alert definitions list by object type.

Page Size

The number of alert definitions to list per page.

Filter

Locates data in the alert definition list.

Alert Definitions data grid

Displays information about the alert definitions for the object types. The full name for Alert definition and the criticality icon appear in a tooltip when you hover the mouse over the Alert Definition name.

Name. Meaningful name for the alert definition.

Symptom Definitions. Number of symptoms defined for the alert.

Actionable Recommendations. Only recommendations with actions in the first priority, as they are the only ones you can automate.

Automate. When the action is set to Local, the action is enabled for automation when an alert triggers. Actions that are enabled for automation might appear as inherited with a green checkmark, because policies can inherit settings from each other. For example, if the Automate setting in the base policy is set to Local with a green checkmark, other policies that inherit this setting will display the setting as inherited with a green checkmark.​

Adapter. Data source type for which the alert is defined.

Object Type. Type of object to which the alert applies.

State. Alert definition state, either enabled as indicated by Local, disabled as indicated by not Local, or inherited from the base policy.

If you do not configure the package, the policy inherits the settings from the selected base policy.