Chapter 3 Using VMware Tools : Installing VMware Tools : Installing VMware Tools in a Linux Virtual Machine

Installing VMware Tools in a Linux Virtual Machine
This section explains how to install VMware Tools in a Linux, FreeBSD, or Solaris virtual machine.
To install VMware Tools in a Linux, FreeBSD, or Solaris Virtual Machine
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2
Choose VM > Install VMware Tools.
The remaining steps take place inside the virtual machine.
Note
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As root (su -), mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image, change to a working directory (for example, /tmp), uncompress the installer, and unmount the CD-ROM image.
Note
You do not use an actual CD-ROM to install VMware Tools, and you do not need to download the CD-ROM image or burn a physical CD-ROM of this image file. The VMware Server software contains an ISO image that looks like a CD-ROM to your guest operating system. This image contains all the files needed to install VMware Tools in your guest operating system.
Using the Tar Installer on Linux Guests: Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. If your CD-ROM drive is not /dev/cdrom or if the mount point for a CD-ROM is not /mnt/cdrom, modify the following commands to reflect the conventions used by your distribution.
Also, some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands below. You still must untar the VMware Tools installer to /tmp.
mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
cd /tmp
tar zxf /mnt/cdrom/vmware-linux-tools.tar.gz
umount /mnt/cdrom
Go to step 4.
Using the RPM Installer on Linux Guests: Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. If your CD-ROM drive is not /dev/cdrom or if the mount point for a CD-ROM is not /mnt/cdrom, modify the following commands to reflect the conventions used by your distribution.
Also, some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands below.
mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
cp /mnt/cdrom/vmware-linux-tools-<xxxxx>.i386.rpm
/tmp rpm -Uhv /tmp/vmware-linux-tools-<xxxxx>.i386.rpm
umount /mnt/cdrom
where <xxxxx> is the build number of the VMware Server release.
Go to step 6.
Solaris Guests: The Solaris volume manager—vold—mounts the CD-ROM under /cdrom/vmwaretools. If the CD-ROM is not mounted, restart the volume manager using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/volmgt stop
/etc/init.d/volmgt start
After the CD-ROM is mounted, use the following commands to extract VMware Tools.
cd /tmp
gunzip -c /cdrom/vmwaretools/vmware-solaris-tools.tar.gz | tar xf -
Go to step 4.
FreeBSD Guests: Some FreeBSD distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands below. You still must untar the VMware Tools installer to /tmp.
mount /cdrom
cd /tmp
tar zxf /cdrom/vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz
umount /cdrom
4
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl
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Run the configuration program.
vmware-config-tools.pl
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exit
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vmware-toolbox &
You can run VMware Tools as root or as a normal user. To shrink virtual disks or to change any VMware Tools scripts, you must run VMware Tools as root (su -).
Note
Always run vmware-toolbox in the guest operating system to ensure you have access to all VMware Tools features, such as copy and paste and mouse ungrab for operating systems for which X display driver is not available.